Bachelor of Science, better known as B.Sc., is probably the most popular undergraduate course students choose right after graduation. This is course opens up doors to all the technology and science-based careers which are traditionally believed to be the safer bet, but things have changed. B.Sc. now also opens doors to many creative careers and this is why the amount of students choosing B.Sc. has increased. Forget your run-of-the-mill B.Sc. career, now you can do what you love by choosing the right specializations.
What makes one B.Sc. course different from another are the specializations. They are extremely important as they decide the career path you will take, or what subject matter you will study after graduation. Therefore, it is important to know all about them. Below, there’s important information on the most popular specializations in B.Sc. Read thoroughly and you will be able to make the right choice for your future.
B.Sc. has changed over the years to include a wide variety of specializations that allow students to pursue different careers. Here’s some information like what to expect in the specialization, and what kind of career you can pursue, and what are the salary prospects? Salary figures are not mentioned as they are subjective to many factors, but you will get an idea of what to expect.
Here are 31 areas of specialization available in B.Sc. program:
Agriculture is a field that can truly benefit from the influx of B.Sc. graduates who can substantially improve the performance with the help of research and fact-based science. This specialization will teach you agricultural science in which you learn about plants, crops, plant genetics, plant breeding, soil science, agricultural microbiology and more. With such diverse knowledge on offer, you have many careers to choose from. The salaries are also good in this field as the agriculture industry is growing in the country.
The animation industry is one of the fastest-growing industries in the world. Along with the film industry, even the gaming industry and advertising industry is making use of animations – 2D and 3D both. With a specialization in animation, you stand to learn the computer languages and software used for animation, story writing, designing, developing how to make animations, and more. Since this industry is huge, you can find work in animation and become animators, designers, developers, testers, etc. All these professions are really well-played.
This is a fairly new field of expertise. The Aquaculture specialization involves education related to fisheries, but it is still a lot more scientific in nature and not just about fish farming. This is a field that needs people, and since it is new, there is a lot of opportunity for growth. India is the 4th largest fish producer, and there are legitimate companies for aquaculture. Finding a career with good pay and high prospects will not be difficult.
In a growing country, aviation is one of the industries that prosper. Therefore, choosing this specialization is a good choice as it will open doors for many careers. In the aviation specialization, you will learn about aeronautics, engineering, mechanics, aerodynamics, flying, etc. many use this course as a way to gain entry into the country’s defense forces as well. Else, you can always find a high-paying job in the private sector.
This specialization combines the study of biology and chemistry – to be precise, it is the study of chemical reactions and processes in living organisms. The work done in this industry benefit many other commercial industries. India is poised to be the scientific research hub and there will be a huge need for people in the biochemistry industry, especially in the pharmaceutical industry, which is practically recession-proof. You can find an excellent job with good pay and benefits.
Many students choose B.Sc. (Computer Science). Computers are the future and IT is the country’s main industry. So, choosing B.Sc. (Computer Science) is actually a smart move. In this specialization, you learn computer hardware, software and many computer languages used for programming. Become a graduate with this specialization and find a job in the high-paying IT industry.
Healthy food is not a fad, it is here to stay. The dietetics specialization teaches you about healthy diets and food, their management and the science behind it all. By the end of the course, you will know a lot of foods and diets. With additional certifications, you can start working as a dietician and earn a good living. You can work in an organization, hospital or even be an expert consultant.
Get to know about the electronic circuit board, and everything related to electronics with this specialization. This specialization is for those who are fascinated with electricity. There are so many fields that you can work in after you have graduated. Since this is an expert field, you can stand to make a good living and a fulfilling career.
Learn all about fashion from the scientific and technological perspective along with the creative side with a B.Sc.in (Fashion Technology) degree. This specialization will teach you about all the science and technology that goes into manufacturing fashion. Designers design fashion, but when it comes to manufacturing it, you need fashion technology. Technology also plays a major part in designing better science-based design practices. Do this, and stand to earn a better living than most graduates.
Packaged food is one of the most consumed foods in the country, and you have to thank the food technology sector for its manufacturing, processing, preserving, packaging, and distribution. And this what you will learn in the specialization. Packaged food is considered to be a consumer good, and hence, job opportunities here are plenty.
Along with being an interesting field, forensic science is something that helps towards the betterment of society by helping law enforcement catch violent criminals and bringing them to justice. Forensics is the use of science to solve crimes. You will learn about DNA matching, recreating crime scenes, blood spatter patterns, bullet trajectories, etc. This is an important field and needs many talented people. So, finding a job will not be difficult.
In these environmentally conscious times, Forestry is a good specialization to choose from. In this, you will learn all about conserving the forest lands of the country. Students are also taught about creating new plantations, upkeeping the old ones and the study of other important natural resources. Though there are may not be too many jobs in this industry like the others, you can actually get government jobs with a good salary, perks, and benefits.
Technology in the healthcare industry has advanced so much that today, we have minimally invasive fast recovery surgical procedures. This is all thanks to medical technology. In this specialization, you will learn all about the machines and technology in medical procedures. You will also learn to invent and innovate to make them better. This is an important industry and finding a high-paying job is quite easy.
The study of microscopic living organisms is microbiology, and with this specialization, you can be eligible to work in the research and development industry of the country. Microbiology is a part of many industries like pharmacy, agriculture, healthcare and more. So, you have a wide choice in what field you want to make your career in.
We live in an era of visual communication. From instructions to the full-fledged stories, everything is becoming visually centric. Therefore, doing B.Sc. with Multimedia is a good option to consider. You’ll be taught about the various forms of video communication like pictures, designs, videos, 2D and 3D and more. It is one of the fastest rising industries in the country because the world uses the services of India for their visual communication needs, so career prospects are good here in this industry.
If you want to make a career in the navy or the merchant navy, you have to do B.Sc. (Nautical Science). This specialization is al about maritime studies and students become cadets. Before you can start working professionally, you also have to spend time at the sea – 1 year or more to be exact. With this specialization, you will be able to travel the world, and this is one of the main reasons why students choose B.Sc. (Nautical Science). A seven-figure salary is a norm in the merchant navy.
The nursing profession has changed and now, students are required to do B.Sc. (Nursing) to become a professional nurse. In this, you will learn subjects that are similar to an M.B.B.S. degree. Nurses from India are high in demand overseas, and they make a great living. In India as well, nurses in the government are some of the highest-paid employees. Private sector nurses also earn a good living.
Nutrition is an important issue today with so many people being afflicted with lifestyle diseases that can be easily avoided with diet and exercise. Nutrition also plays a huge role in recovery and overall health. So, choose B.Sc. (Nutrition) if you want to learn about nutrition, food, diets, and human biology. One can make an excellent living being a nutritionist.
The subjects taught in B.Sc. (Physiotherapy) almost make you as knowledgeable as a doctor. You are taught all about the human body and medicine. Physiotherapy is one of the fastest-growing industries in the country with a huge requirement for professionals in the field. Physiotherapists are professionals who care for patients like doctors and have their practices. They also find employment in hospitals.
Mental Health is a burning issue not just in the country but in the world. There is a dire need for mental health professionals like psychologists. In this specialization, you will learn all about understanding mental health and providing treatments and solutions. Not all psychologists can prescribe medications, but you can use this degree to become a psychiatrist. Psychologists also have their practice and earn a living as good as a doctor.
This field of biology is fast gaining a lot of attention from students. Genetics is the study of genes, which are responsible for the appearance and functioning of your body. It’s through genes that illnesses are also passed, genes might be the future of completely eradicating diseases. This is a good field to educate yourself in. You can also find jobs in other countries as this field is quite in demand and there is a need for professionals.
If you want to work in the IT industry, Information Technology is the specialization you should choose. In this course, you will learn all about the IT industry. In B.Sc. (Information Technology) you learn computer languages, programming, e-commerce, networking, hardware, etc. You can make a solid career in this field and earn an excellent living.
Interior designers are some of the highest-paid professionals in the world. They make an amazing living designing interiors. However, interior designing is not just about being creative, there is a lot of science behind it and this is what you will learn in the B.Sc. (Information Technology) course. As mentioned before, you can make quite a handsome living and even start your own business.
PCM stands for physics, chemistry, and mathematics. With these subjects as your specialization, there are many careers you can choose. These subjects are mainly chosen by students who want to do engineering. Even if you do not want to pursue engineering, you can find many technology-related jobs with this specialization.
You need to have strong mathematics if you want to choose B.Sc. (Physics). In this specialization, you will get in-depth knowledge of physics and its many theories. Physics is vast and there are many areas you can expertise in. This specialization will allow you to become a scientist. This is a respectable profession that is high in demand in various companies. The salary is also quite good.
If you have a liking towards the subject of chemistry, this is the specialization you have to choose. B.Sc. (Chemistry) takes you deep into the world of chemistry, where you will learn how truly vast chemistry is. You can become a scientist with this specialization, or get additional certifications and postgraduate courses for other high-paying professions. B.Sc. (Chemistry) is a highly sought after specialization, and will open many career doors for you.
B.Sc. (Maths) is a tough specialization, but if you are good with numbers and theories, you will do well. Many of the B.Sc. (Maths) students go on to do engineering, but many of them also become teachers and professors. Math based careers are some of the highest-paid and respected careers. You can also look for opportunities overseas, and get a good salary and benefits.
Interested in animals? Zoology is the specialization you should choose. From their physical nature to their evolution, you learn all about animals in zoology. Zoology used to be quite popular but had lost steam. However, there is renewed interest in this field and you can get high-paying jobs in animal conservation. You can also get opportunities to work with the government or abroad where the salary is high and the benefits and perks are many.
It’s said that data is the new oil, and it is quite true. This field is growing and employing so many people today. The statistics specialization is all about data and numbers. You can get a job as a statistician with this degree. They are quite in demand as they can compile, study, analyze, and make accurate predictions on any matter based on data. Statisticians find jobs in any data-driven industry, which is pretty much everything today.
If zoology is the study of animals, then botany is the study of plant life. From their origins to their preservation and conservation, botany students learn in-depth about plants. There is a strong need for more students in this field owing to climate change. A B.Sc. in Botany will get you many job opportunities, including in the government or overseas.
Now, this is quite a versatile specialization. In B.Sc. (Home Science), along with physics, chemistry, and biology subjects, you also get to learn economics, rural development, sociology, home management, nutrition, and more. Therefore, once you graduate, there are many career paths ahead of you. But it is strongly recommended that you do additional supportive courses or postgraduate degrees and diplomas to get the full benefit of B.Sc. (Home Science) and the career opportunities it will bring.
As you can see, there are so many specializations, so it is important to make the right choice as there are too many opportunities to mess and end up in the wrong course. Follow the advice and you will know what you want to study and make your career in.
Here’s some help on how to choose the right specialization in B.Sc:
By now, you should know which subjects you like and are good at. So, look for a specialization that has subjects you will like and do well. What’s the point of studying something if you are not going to do well. Changing specializations, later on, can be quite difficult.
Look for a specialization that gives you more career options. Some specializations have a set career path towards only a few different professions. Steer clear of these specializations, because sometimes, you are not sure of what career to choose, and it is better to have a wider range of choice.
A simple Google search will throw up a lot of information on the many specializations, including figures like the amount of growth in the related industry, the course fees, and the expected salaries. Based on this data, you can make an informed decision.
Today, there are special career counsellors who can guide you really well on which specializations to choose. Colleges and institutes provide free counselling, but there are paid professionals as well who will guide you towards the right path.
Do what you love or else you will never succeed and will end up in a job you don’t like. This is not good for your mental health. Therefore, listen to your gut instinct as well when you are going to choose a career.
Since there are so many options for specializations, it is better to know which specializations are in demand with students and lead to a good career and salaries. These following options are solid, but you also have to take other factors like college and university you do this course from. That matters a lot.
Here are the best 3 specializations.
Trustworthy information always helps make the right choice. So, make sure you read the blog well to completely understand what career paths lie ahead of you, and make the right choice. Your graduate course pretty much decides your career so be sure to take it seriously. All the best!
CSIT is located in Pune, which is known to be the best city for education in the country. So, you can visit us and check out the B.Sc. programs we offer. You can also talk to our counsellors who will answer all your doubts and queries. Call or visit our website today!